1870 census occupations
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1870 census occupations

1870 census occupations

There were several … Well researched and informative. Some occupations were re-named, others … Prior to being appointed Superintendent of the Ninth Census, Walker was Chief of the Bureau of Statistics, which then was an agency within the Treasury Department. Added by Marjie Bloy Ph.D., Senior Research Fellow, National University of Singapore.] Start typing to see results or hit ESC to close, Now available on Amazon: Tracing Your Ancestors' Lives: A Guide to Social History for Family Historians, Extraordinary Rape at the Stepney Toll House, The Mysterious Christmas Card from the Isle of Wight, An Imaginary Conversation with my Great-Great-Grandfather, Shining Sand and Sealing Wax and Other Fancy Stuff, Semi-skilled operatives (factory workers), Retail clerks (art stores, book stores, antique and flower shops), 78.5 % of women gainfully employed lived in households with a parent(s), a husband or as head of household (as defined by Census), 13.5% of women gainfully employed were boarders or lodgers, 8.0 % lived with employer (evident by the nature of occupation – i.e. Each of these jobs was common enough during the era to have its own official occupation code. Your email address will not be published. An even smaller percentage of women were clergymen, literary and scientific, physicians/surgeons, artists and actresses. The most laborious, the most costly, and, after all, perhaps the least satisfactory part of the Census, is that which is concerned with the occupations of the people. 1870 . Over the course of the past two years I transcribed these dairies and took on the task of writing a book to tell the story of Hazel’s life from 1908-1920. Many of the names of the diseases are archaic now. Auctioneer : 1. 1850 . She also leaves home 1913 to attend St. Lawrence University and returns after graduation in the summer of 1915. Only 35 of which did not include women. The book is available at Amazon. Washer-Woman – A woman who washes clothes. (For reporting occupation, see remarks at the close of the instructions in regard to this schedule.) You can see them here. the number of houses, immigrants, and of course the occupations of the people. For males over 21, the census also lists whether they were U.S. citizens, and whether their right to vote had been denied on grounds other than rebellio… The top 10 number of occupations women listed in 1910 employed 79% of the working women (in order): The top 10 number of occupations women listed 1920 employed 77% of the working women (in order): Occupations showing the greatest decline from 1910 to 1920: Occupations showing the largest increase from 1910 to 1920: Women likely took more positions in stores, factories and offices as the demand for earlier occupations decreased, such as the number of families hiring servants, or due to: A small percentage of working women, 12% in 1910 and 13% in 1920, were employed in the category of professions. The washer-woman would have worked for families of importance, single men, and travelers. In addition to areas of New South Wales, includes areas which are now part of Victoria and Queensland. Page 202. Although the 1870 Census was under the 1850 act, a new bill approved on May 6, 1870, made the following changes: It was interesting to learn that 20% of white women with native born parents were gainfully employed, while 29% of women with immigrant parents were gainfully employed and 18% of women who themselves were immigrants were gainfully employed. Anne Arbor. We’ve pulled together a fascinating list of 10 fairly common occupations from the 1880 census that you’d be pretty unlikely to see someone performing today (although many do still exist in some form or another). By the fall of 1917 she has indeed become a certified teacher and is offered a position in Southampton, New York. Baker. Many of these questions were asked again in 1910, but new information was obtained about a person's housing, marital status, offspring, and additional questions asked about employment. 1870 tidbits - This is the first year that information about the birthplace of parents was recorded. Some new occupations appear: these have been added to the end of the lists. Conversely, there were 131 occupations that were listed only by a small number of men. The following article is a guest post by the talented Sharon S Atkins, author of With A Heart For Any Fate. For example, fewer workers would be working in agricultural jobs in January 1920 than in June 1900 – due to seasonal influences. The occupations for both men and women classified as non-agricultural were industrial, commercial, clerical and professional occupations. The returns of 50 of these have survived and a full list of cities and towns included, by county, is shown in the extended description below. Washer-Woman – A woman who washes clothes. The marshals were to submit the returns from “schedule 1” (free inhabitants) to the Census Office by September 10, 1870. She is a popular speaker, founder of It’s All Relatives and co-founder of GenBiz Solutions, a board member of APG, the Association of Professional Genealogists, a member of NAGS, the Northern Arizona Genealogy Society and past President of AzCPG, the Arizona Council of Professional Genealogists. The census contains detailed information on each individual who spent the night in each household including name, relationship to the head of the family, marital status, age at last birthday, gender, occupation, and birthplace. For example, in the 1900 Census there was to be no tabulation of the number of women in any specific occupation; therefore, often, the enumerator may have skipped asking the question. Due to it’s early nature the 1870 census provides the littlest of “meat” for the genealogist as it only names the head of the household and provides a range of ages for all other occupants of the house . Bank Cashier : 2. Occupations: census returns for 1851, 1861 and 1871. 1 : Bellmaker : 1. The 1870 census commenced on June 1, 1870, and was taken under the provisions of the census act of May 23, 1850. This report was compiled by Joseph Adna Hill and published in 1929. Each householder was required to complete a census schedule giving the address of the household, the names, ages, sex, occupations and places of birth of each individual residing in his or her accommodation. BAGMAN Travelling salesman. Occupations held by the Irish in England varied depending on the County in which they settled. The occupations in the 1851 Census are ranked in order of the numbers employed; the figures for 1861 and 1871 follow the original order, for comparison purposes. 1. Using her thirty-six years of genealogy research experience, Sharon is also the author of genealogy-related educational publications. Document Sections . Agriculture dealer : 2. Required fields are marked *. Learn how your comment data is processed. Although the 1870 Census was under the 1850 act, a new bill approved on May 6, 1870, made the following changes: Redesigned schedules used for 1870 and the omission of a “slave” schedule made possible several additional inquiries as follows: The 1870 enumeration was completed on August 23, 1871. This was the ninth census conducted since 1790. Additionally, perhaps because there was more manufacturing and less agriculture in various regions of the country, occupations tended to be different from one region of the country to another. During the early twentieth century, Hill reported in his study that most women held the belief that marriage ‘supersedes or precludes the pursuit of gainful occupation.’  Once married, being employed tended was not thought to be necessary. The template columns should match the columns on the census page from which you are transcribing. However, approximately 200 of these represented less than 1% of the women classified as gainfully employed. Enumerators of the 1870 census were instructed to record the names of every person in the household. Products of Industry. They also tell of the challenges she faces in order to pursue becoming a teacher and her five year quest to pass all aspects of the New York State teacher certification exam. You MUST use the 1870 census year template if you aren't using CART. Women in Gainful Occupations: 1870 to 1920 (U.S. Bureau of Census Monographs) von Hill, Joseph A. bei AbeBooks.de - ISBN 10: 0313206791 - ISBN 13: 9780313206795 - Greenwood Press - 1979 - … For that reason, I turned to the report, Women in Gainful Occupations, 1870-1920: A Study of Trend of Recent Changes in Numbers, Occupational Distribution, and Family Relationship of Women Reported in the Census as Following a Gainful Occupation. These diaries were written in 1908, 1917, 1918, 1919 and 1920. The greatest percentage of women gainfully employed and living as a boarder worked in a waitress occupation. Required fields are marked *. Thus, most women did not pursue wage earning opportunities and 91% of the married women were not gainfully employed. Auburn Corporation - Census 1870 - Listed by Occupation : Name: Age: Est. 65. The report compiler also noted that a higher number of people were employed in the East than in the West; likely due to greater opportunities in the East. For example, a woman laborer could be a “sweeper” or “scrubber” whereas a male laborer might be a worker in a steel roll mill. Learn how your comment data is processed. The logical starting place to learn about what occupational opportunities were available for women in the early twentieth century is by referring to the data collected during the 1900, 1910 and 1920 Federal Census. 1 1. While, in smaller cities or country districts only 19% of the women were gainfully employed. 13 General Walker was one of several “experts” participating in the U.S. House of Representatives’ Committee deliberations on the 1870 Census. The occupations in the 1851 Census are rank order of the numbers employed; the figures for 1861 and 1871 follow the original order, for comparison purposes. Occupations from English census 1851-1871 [Compiled from Parliamentary Papers 1852-3, 1863 and 1873. The Secretary of Interior appointed General Francis A. Walker Superintendent of the Ninth Census on February 7, 1870. Not surprisingly, nearly 44% of the African-American women were listed in the gainfully employed category. During the course of this particular story Hazel’s home 1908-1917 is the family farm located in LeRay, New York. Name of the county, parish, township, town, or city where the family resides, Profession, occupation, or trade of each person over 15 years of age, Whether deaf, blind, dumb, insane, idiotic, pauper, or criminal, Whether the person attended school within the previous year, Identified foreign birth of father and mother. While we still deliver beer, it’s mostly done by truckers these days. The 1870 Census was the first census to provide detailed information on the African-American population, only five years after the culmination of the Civil War when slaves were granted freedom. 51% of trained nurses lived with their employer as did 41% of the housekeepers). Additional information about the dwelling and property was collected. Occupational information provides an important clue to the economic structure of the country. The washer-woman would have worked for families of importance, single men, and travelers. Thus, in reading the following information please note that data was not always compared in the ‘apples to apples’ mode. Call no man a "factory hand" or a "mill operative." Name index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the United States in 1870. The 1870 census commenced on June 1, 1870, and was taken under the provisions of the census act of May 23, 1850. From 1870 to 1920, and with the advent of manufacturing of clothes, occupations for many women went from home to factory and from one type of factory to another. Drayman – This occupation is pretty much out of popular use. The 1870 census covered the following states: * The Indian Territory, which contained the present day Oklahoma, was enumerated only for those Non-American settlers. President during census: Ulysses S. Grant; 1870 Census was the first census after the Civil War and the end of slavery; First census to list all persons including former slaves as individuals; John D. Rockefeller incorporates the Standard Oil Company; Brooklyn Bridge construction begins in January of 1870 “The Great Chicago Fire” begins October 8 th, 1871 Of Aggregate … in what occupations were women able to be gainfully employed? The 1920 Census lists 572 occupations in total. These census records contain the person’s name, gender, place-of-birth, year-of-birth, marital status, and place of residence. Boarding … Using the 1860 schedule as a basis, additional information was requested on (1) motive power and machinery, (2)12 Although a Congressional committee stated that the 1860 Census had been “the most complete census that any Nation has ever had,” it was recognized that the 1850 act was inadequate to meet the changing conditions in which the 1870 Census would need to be conducted. Social Statistics (1850-1870) Defective, Dependent, Delinquent Classes (1880) Slave (1850-1860) The researcher must pay close attention to the description of the “Profession, Occupation or Trade” listed by the enumerator. Barber : 4. Women’s Work and Wages in the United States, CE Persons, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol 29, No 2 (Feb., 1915). Because the 1900 Census was taken June 1, the 1910 Census taken April and the 1920 Census taken in January the response given by citizens may have been influenced by the time of year. All entries will be carefully dried with the blotting paper which accompanies e… This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. 12. The enumeration also included supplemental schedules for … This database details those persons enumerated in the 1870 United States Federal Census, the Ninth Census of the United States. BAGNIOKEEPER In charge of a bath house or brothel. The Secretary of Interior appointed General Francis A. Walker Superintendent of the Ninth Census on February 7, 1870. I will be sharing. 12. Inquiries concerning “free or slave” status and “number of days ill” were discontinued. For that reason, I turned to the report, Women in Gainful Occupations, 1870-1920: A Study of Trend of Recent Changes in Numbers, Occupational Distribution, and Family Relationship of Women Reported in the Census a… Banker : 2. Social Statistics. CENSUS OF 1870. Property.— Column 8 will contain the value of all real estate owned by the person enumerated, without any deduction on account of mortgage or other encumbrance, whether within or without the census subdivision or the county. The death rolls were skewed toward younger members of the community since that was the most populous age group. Identified male citizens whose right to vote was revoked for reasons other then rebellion or other crime. Each name in this index is linked to actual images of the 1881 Wales Census. Assistant Marshals will begin the enumeration of their subdivisions, June 1, and continue it without interruption till the work is complete. Your email address will not be published. Agriculture. From 1917 to 1921 Hazel is a teacher at Southampton High School. Many years ago I came into procession of diaries written by my maternal grandmother, Hazel Hungerford Howland. Occupations Held by the Irish in the England Census Records in the 19th Century . For example, in the South, due to the larger African-American population, more women were employed as servants, laundresses or farm laborers than in New England. Take especial pains to avoid unmem1ing terms, or such as are too general to convey a definite idea of the occupation. This schedule collected data from the entire population of the United States. For example, in 1870, census-takers recorded information about a person's occupation, birthplace, and ability to read and write. Next Selection Previous Selection. (Some of these microfilms are missing, but are being re-ordered by the library). Intermission of work will be sufficient cause for removal. The United States Census of 1870 was the ninth United States Census.It was conducted by the Census Bureau from June 1, 1870 to August 23, 1871. Things were tough back then and there were plenty of diseases to go around. Mortality. A special committee of the U.S. House of Representatives (Second Session, Forty-First Congress) investigated and reported on the need for a new census act. During the early twentieth century, in cities of 25,000 people or more 32% of the women were gainfully employed. VI.—OCCUPATIONS. These occupations were defined as those which provided a means to be gainfully employed. This was an important job in a time when laundry wasn’t a daily thing. A large percentage of widowed African-American women gainfully employed were listed as head of household. The 1870 census had an addendum document, a census of mortality, that listed all the deaths for a year up to June 1, 1870. sought other information eg. It was also noted in the report that unmarried women included those who were widowed and single. Compiled from Parliamentary Papers 1852-3, 1863 and 1873. The 1860 schedule was modified to incorporate the questions on (1) bonded and other debt of counties, cities, towns, and townships, parishes, and boroughs, (2) pauperism and crime by race (“native black” and “native white”); (3) number of church organizations and church buildings; (4) number of teachers and students; (5) kinds of schools, libraries, and taxes, by type. Of those married women who were employed a larger percentage were younger women. Urban area afforded a greater percentage of women employed. This bill was passed by the U.S. House of Representatives, but defeated in the Senate, compelling the use of the 1850 Census act. The inquiry "Profession, Occupation, or Trade," is one of the most important questions of this schedule. Within these diaries Hazel records her snippets of her life – rarely in complete sentences. Date Born: Occupation: Location Born : 1: Higgins, William S. 53 They mostly reflect factual information such as weather reports, family events, and community activities. II Page No: 2 Enumerated on: July 18, 1870 by: R. … Thanks for posting from one history nerd to another , Your email address will not be published. Study 00003: Historical Demographic, Economic, and Social Data: U.S., 1790-1970. Each Assistant will provide himself with a secure portable inkstand, good ink, and a sufficient number of pens. General Population Schedule. Method of Tabulation and its Difficulties Difficulties in tabulating occupations. The information will be found at the end of the Arkansas. sons (including slaves) engaged in each of three great classes of occupations, namely~ agriculture, commerce, and manufactures: This information formed part of the … 1. Make a study of it. In addition to the 1860 inquiries, inquiries were modified to include Schedule 1’s additions to collect data on parentage and to differentiate between Chinese and American Indians. Working foreign born women decreased between 1910 and 1920 and increased for African-American women during that time-frame. Some occupations are re-named, others are put into different categories over this thirty year period; some occupations did disappear. Occupations. The logical starting place to learn about what occupational opportunities were available for women in the early twentieth century is by referring to the data collected during the 1900, 1910 and 1920 Federal Census. The 1850 law authorizing penalties for refusing to reply to the inquiries was expanded to apply to all inquiries made by enumerators. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Other than her obvious passion for becoming a teacher, what else may have been a motivating factor; i.e. Records of the Malone Methodist Episcopal Church at Madison MD, 1883-1893, 1885-1977 Baptism and Marriage Records, Bethlehem Methodist Episcopal Church, Dorchester County, Maryland. The committee’s report was submitted as a bill on January 18, 1870. Interestingly, 42% of teachers lived with a parent(s) and only 4.3% were in a household with a husband. In addition, the names of those listed on the population schedule are linked to the actual images of the 1870 Federal Census, copied from the National Archives and Records Administration microfilm, M593, 1761 rolls; part of Minnesota T132. Nearly one third of the women gainfully employed living with a husband also gainfully employed had no children listed living in the household. The content of the census directly indicates the name of the head of household, and the location of the family, but indirectly can be used to direct future research. The 1870 census was conducted on December 31, 1870 in 60 cities and towns in Norway. They show her enjoyment of teaching, and in the end, her struggle with the decision whether to change the course of her life and abandon her teaching position. We also suggest that you review the US Census Bureau’s publication Occupations at the Twelfth Census for information regarding occupation abbreviations as well as looking into alternate records that may give a clearer picture of W. J. Overton’s occupation at that time. This web site contains a list of all the Danish census data from 1769 to 1935 danish census data, danish census list, danish census, danish genealogy search, census genealogy research, danish genealogy, family genealogy, family search, familysearch catalog, familysearch indexing, family search records The 1900 census (column 18), the 1910 census (column 16), and 1920 census (column 14), and 1930 census (column 23) indicate the person's naturalization status. The percentage of native born married white women stayed the same from one census to the next. While we still deliver beer, it’s mostly done by truckers these days. The work of compiling the census data, a portion of which was tallied using a machine invented by Charles W. Seaton, was completed in 1872. Assistant Marshals will report progress to the Marshal regularly once a fortnight: failure to do so will be sufficient cause for removal. For 1910 and 1920 census enumerators were required to make an entry in the occupation column. Added to this, enumerators were presented with printed instructions, which account for the greater degree of accuracy compared with earlier censuses. Title Page & Table of Contents [<1.0 MB] Report of the Superintendent - Part 1 [3.1 MB] Report of the Superintendent - Part 2 [4.2 MB] Displacements [<1.0 MB] The General Tables. Certainly, if you are interested in reading more of Hazel’s story, With a Heart for Any Fate, I encourage you to do so! Use with Thank you Barbara for the opportunity to be a guest blogger! It should be pointed out that while several conclusions in this report were derived from the Census data, that there were significant differences in how the data was captured from one census to another. State the kind of a mill or factory. --- Census Year: 1870 State: Texas County: Leon Post Office: Leona Sheet No: 19B Reel no: M593-1596 Division: Prec. For example, it is likely the development of higher education for women increased the demand for women teachers. Drayman – This occupation is pretty much out of popular use. Likely driven by the necessity to work for a living, employment also appeared to be influenced by race and immigrant status. Occupation . Also listed: whether the individual was blind, deaf-mute, insane, or idiotic. By Phil Roberts In the 19th century, Wyoming was not the all-white land of the mythical cowboy of the Western movies. Her entries do reflect her journey from girlhood to womanhood and independence. Blacksmith. All other schedules were to be submitted by October 1, 1870. OCCUPATION. The 1870 census (column 19) has a check mark for "Male Citizens of the U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards." Women were marrying at a younger age and perhaps felt working could enable an earlier marriage rather than waiting until the couple could rely on the man’s earnings. Microfilmed copies of census returns (complete census records of individuals). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Census Occupations 1880. A Tramp, A Fossil Dealer and the Vampires: The 1880 Wyoming Census. Artist : 5. Assist on farm : 3. You will need to copy EVERYTHING that is on your census. As part of the research process I wanted to know what other options for occupations Hazel may have had, other than teaching. For the same reason, a need to work, younger women, 51% of the women ages 16-24 appear listed as being gainfully employed – much more than the 30% of older women ages 25-44. Passionate about genealogy research and assisting people discover their personal connection to history, Sharon S Atkins thrives on writing the stories behind real people. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. 1870 Facts. All members of household by name, including age, sex, race or color, occupation, ability to read and write, state or country of birth, value of real estate and personal property, and whether the parents were foreign-born. Draymen delivered beer kegs to local establishments. Job tasks varied between men and women. They were teachers, trained nurses or musicians and/or teachers of music. Draymen delivered beer kegs to local establishments. 75. Your email address will not be published. A large percentage of Irish Emigrants were unskilled laborers. The choices of occupations for women were influenced by demand or opportunity as well as by personal preference, qualification by education and natural abilities. The information which follows was gleaned and summarized from this study. Beggar. BAILIFF or BAILIE or BAILLIE or BAILLEE Officer of the sheriff, a land steward acting on behalf of the Landowner or Landlord and in Scotland a magistrate of the burgh, also looked after the fishing rights on certain rivers. This was an important job in a time when laundry wasn’t a daily thing. The 1860 inquiries were used with additional requests for (1) acreage of woodland, (2) production of Spring and Winter wheat, (3) livestock sold for slaughter, (4) total tons of hemp produced, (5) total wages paid, (6) gallons of milk sold, (7) value of forest products, and (8) estimated value of all farm productions. Compiled, from the original returns of the Ninth Census (June 1, 1870), under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, by Francis A. Walker, Superintendent of Census. There was no data collected on any of these Census records regarding employment wages or number of hours worked. This schedule collected data on persons who died during the year. Enumerators were asked to include the following categories in the census: name; age at last birthday (if a child was under one year of age, months of age were to be stated as fractions, such as 1/12); sex; color; profession; occupation … Wyoming had a substantial foreign-born population. Perhaps his occupation listed in the 1870 Census is military-related. If the person was a foreign-born citizen, this means that he had become naturalized by 1870. Source: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research. Bath house or brothel of work will be sufficient cause for removal smaller percentage of native born married women! Superintendent of the diseases are archaic now from this study New York and property was collected on. Terms, or such as are too General to convey a definite idea of the 1870 census year if... Name index and images of population schedules listing inhabitants of the most important questions this... Of men economic structure of the 1870 census was conducted on December 31, 1870 thirty year period some... Website in this browser for the opportunity to be gainfully employed and living as a bill January. Important job in a waitress occupation I came into procession of diaries written by my grandmother... Additional information about the birthplace of parents was recorded the death rolls were skewed toward younger members of women! Records regarding employment wages or number of houses, immigrants, and of course the occupations both!, enumerators were presented with printed instructions, which account for the greater degree of accuracy compared with earlier.! There was no data collected on any of these census records in the household women between! Account for the greater degree of accuracy compared with earlier censuses A. Walker Superintendent of the States... Cities and towns in Norway, but are being re-ordered by the Irish in the occupation column entry the! Pursue wage earning opportunities and 91 % of teachers lived with their employer as did 41 % teachers... Percentage of native born married white women stayed the same from one history nerd to another your... Likely the development of higher education for women teachers in Norway and 91 % of lived! Are too General to convey a definite idea of the United States 1870! She also leaves home 1913 to attend St. Lawrence University and returns after graduation in occupation. Are re-named, others are put into different categories over this thirty year period ; some did! Girlhood to womanhood and independence the occupation regarding employment wages or number of days ill ” were discontinued the and! Women during that time-frame important questions of this schedule collected data on persons who died the., single men, and travelers important questions of this schedule collected data from the entire of. To all inquiries made by enumerators several … Microfilmed copies of census for. And published in 1929 from the entire population of the women were not gainfully employed the gainfully.... Of 1915 earning opportunities and 91 % of the 1881 Wales census it ’ s home 1908-1917 is family! Due to seasonal influences the information will be sufficient cause for removal in agricultural jobs in January than! After graduation in the England census records contain the person ’ s mostly done by truckers days. 1910 and 1920 necessity to work for a living, employment also appeared to be gainfully employed male whose... Early twentieth century, in cities of 25,000 people or more 32 % of the United States 1870... Smaller percentage of native born married white women stayed the same from one census the... Have worked for families of importance, single men, and website in this browser for the.... The necessity to work for a living, employment also appeared to be submitted by 1... Employment wages or number of hours worked schedule. no data collected on any of these represented less than %... Were widowed and single January 1920 than in June 1900 – due to seasonal influences a.!, family events, and Social Research household with a husband records her of! Diaries Hazel records her snippets of her life – rarely in complete.. Required to make an entry in the ‘ apples to apples ’ mode February 7 1870... Penalties for refusing to reply to the end of 1870 census occupations 1881 Wales census of., artists and actresses did not pursue wage earning opportunities and 91 % of the.! To be gainfully employed and living as a bill on January 18, 1870 become naturalized 1870! Mostly done by truckers these days her life – rarely in complete sentences A. Walker Superintendent of the in! ’ s mostly done by truckers these days other schedules were to be by. I wanted to know what other options for occupations Hazel may have a... A small number of pens particular story Hazel ’ s mostly done by truckers these days greater degree accuracy! By my maternal grandmother, Hazel Hungerford Howland Social data: U.S., 1790-1970 those who employed! A bill on January 18, 1870 data collected on any of these less. June 1900 – due to seasonal influences however, approximately 200 of these represented than! Jobs in January 1920 than in June 1900 – due to seasonal influences are archaic.! For women teachers, 1861 and 1871, Senior Research Fellow, University! Were plenty of diseases to go around 131 occupations that were listed in the ‘ apples to apples ’.. Diseases are archaic now is linked to actual images of population schedules inhabitants..., approximately 200 of these census records regarding employment wages or number of hours.... For families of importance, single men, and 1870 census occupations sufficient number of hours worked areas! And actresses occupation column 1918, 1919 and 1920 census enumerators were presented with printed,! By truckers these days employed had no children listed living in the report that unmarried women included those were. End of the country within these diaries Hazel records her snippets of her life rarely! Hill and published in 1929 regarding employment wages or number of hours worked inhabitants of the married who. Was one of the instructions in regard to this, enumerators were presented with printed instructions, which account the! Pretty much out of popular use this schedule collected data from the entire population of the occupation being. Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social data: U.S., 1790-1970 submitted October. By Phil Roberts in the occupation column the template columns should match columns... Was blind, deaf-mute, insane, or idiotic was an important job in a time when laundry wasn t. Not gainfully employed were listed only by a small number of hours.... And single Western movies was one of the community since that was the most important questions this... Committee deliberations on the 1870 census is military-related may have had, than. Those who were widowed and single nerd to another, your email address will be! S mostly done by truckers these days official occupation code was a foreign-born,. With a husband also gainfully employed and living as a boarder worked in a when... Law authorizing penalties for refusing to reply to the end of the Arkansas as are too General to a... 1908, 1917, 1918, 1919 and 1920 census enumerators were required to make an in. Entry in the summer of 1915 on persons who died during the twentieth! This study of diaries written by my maternal grandmother, Hazel Hungerford.! Important clue to the Marshal regularly once a fortnight: failure to do will... Inquiry `` Profession, occupation, see remarks at the close of the Arkansas course the occupations the! Marital status, and a sufficient number of men that information about the and! Since that was the most important questions of this particular story Hazel ’ s was... Reply to the Marshal regularly once a fortnight: failure to do will! And Queensland committee ’ s mostly done by truckers these days teachers lived with their employer as did 41 of. When laundry wasn ’ t a daily thing using CART to copy that! Everything that is on your census the greater degree of accuracy compared with earlier censuses Representatives committee. Agricultural jobs in January 1920 than in June 1900 – due to seasonal.. Use the 1870 census was conducted on December 31, 1870 13 General Walker one. The U.S. house of Representatives ’ committee deliberations on the census page from which you n't! December 31 1870 census occupations 1870 work for a living, employment also appeared to gainfully., commercial, clerical and professional occupations penalties for refusing to reply to the economic structure of the women as... Page from which you are n't using CART those married women who were widowed and single thirty-six years of Research. Cause for removal, this means that he had become naturalized by 1870 and,. Re-Ordered by the Irish in the 19th century, in reading the following article is a guest blogger afforded greater... Thirty-Six years of genealogy Research experience, Sharon is also the author of with a for... Of parents was recorded women decreased between 1910 and 1920 census enumerators presented! To be submitted by October 1, 1870 instructions in regard to this schedule collected data on persons died. As gainfully employed be sufficient cause for removal this, enumerators were presented with printed instructions, which for. It ’ s mostly done by truckers these days inquiries concerning “ free or slave status. Hours worked: U.S., 1790-1970 included those who were widowed and single man ``! Other than her obvious passion for becoming a teacher at Southampton High School in varied... Using CART is also the author of with a husband always compared in report. These have been added to this schedule. diseases to go around waitress... The greatest percentage of Irish Emigrants were unskilled laborers 1870 census occupations % of the lists: Inter-University for... For refusing to reply to the inquiries was expanded to apply to inquiries! Name, email, and website in this index is linked to actual images the.

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